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Networking on Virtual Machines

   RHCSA/RHCE Series
Networking on Virtual Machines

Objective: Creating Virtual Network and Configuring Virtual Machines to use it.
Sequence 1. Creating a NAT Virtual Network
Objective: To create a Virtual Network to be used by guest machines to connect to the outside world bypassing the host. The guests connected through a NAT network aren’t visible to the outside world. This generally makes them the easiest type of virtual network for working with.
1. Open the Host Properties dialogue box
a. Right click on the host/QEMU and click on “Properties” context menu icon. This will open a new dialog, where host level details can be managed.
b. When it first opens, you will be on the “Overview” tab.

c. Virtual Networks tab: Click on the “Virtual Networks” tab. This will look similar to the screenshot below:

d. Start the New Virtual Network assistant: In the bottom left corner of the dialog, there is a button with a plus sign “+” on it. Click on it to start the “New Virtual Network” assistant.
2. It will start “New Virtual Network”. Enter a name for your virtual network. For Example we are going to use this network for NAT (Network Address Translation) of series 172, so let us keep the name as NAT172 to make it easy to recognize.

3. Decide the IP address range:

a. Select the “Enable IPV4” network address space definition and enter the IP Address “172.16.99.0/24”. It’s a good idea to use one of the IPv4 private addresses ranges:
• 10.0.0.0/8
• 172.16.0.0/12
• 192.168.0.0/16

b. Enable DHCP: Select the check box at the bottom and it will automatically fill the DHCP IP address range. This DHCP server and address range are only visible inside this specific NAT network, and won’t be seen outside of it. They will be visible to all guests using this virtual network. The key concept here is choosing an address range big enough to accommodate your guests, and that won’t interfere with routing externally. If required specify your own IP Address range. The key points for the IP address are :
• 172.16.99.1 = gateway
• 172.16.99.2 – 127 = static assignment (untouched by DHCP)
• 172.16.99.128 – 254 = DHCP server assigned
• 172.16.99.255 = broadcast address
4. Skip Step 3. We are not configuring IPv6

5. Decide the type of virtual network.
a. In step 4, select the radio button “Forwarding to Physical network” and select the Physical Device from the drop down which is connected to the outside world on your host system. In my case I am using wireless LAN hence I selected wlp3s0.
b. As stated earlier we are creating this for NAT. Therefore, select NAT from the drop down list for Mode.

6. Finish the virtual network creation by click on “Finish”.
7. To verify our virtual network let us use the newly created virtual network. You will need two virtual machines to test the Virtual Network. I am using “Server 1” and “Node 1”, my virtual machines to test this.
a. Select the virtual machine for which you want to use this newly created Virtual Network and select “View Details” from View menu of VMM. This will open the following dialog box.


b. Click on “Add Hardware” given at the bottom left and select Network.


c. From the “Network Source” Select the newly created virtual network “NAT172” and appropriate device model applicable.

d. Repeat the same set of steps ( ) for your second virtual machine.
e. Start the Virtual machines if not already running and open terminal on both machines.
f. Use ifconfig or appropriate command to check the ip address assigned by the DHCP server to both machines.
g. Use ping to check the connectivity.

Sequence 2. Creating an Isolated Virtual Network
Objective: To create a Virtual Network to be used by guest machines to connect to each other internally. This makes it easy to create an isolated cluster or high availability solution.
1. Open the Host Properties dialogue box
a. Right click on the host/QEMU and click on “Properties” context menu icon. This will open a new dialog, where host level details can be managed.
b. When it first opens, you will be on the “Overview” tab as discussed in Sequence 1.
c. Virtual Networks tab: Click on the “Virtual Networks” tab. This will look similar to the screenshot below:
d. Start the New Virtual Network assistant: In the bottom left corner of the dialog, there is a button with a plus sign “+” on it. Click on it to start the “New Virtual Network” assistant.
2. It will start “New Virtual Network”. Enter a name for your virtual network. For Example we are going to use this network for internal networking among our guest machines, so let us keep the name as ISOLATED10, to make it easy to recognize. The IP address range will of 10 series hence “10”.

3. Decide the IP address range:


a. Select the “Enable IPV4 network address space definition and enter the IP Address “10.0.1.0/24”. It’s a good idea to use one of the IPv4 private addresses ranges:

 

b. Enable DHCP: Select the check box at the bottom and it will automatically fill the DHCP IP address range as discussed in the Sequence 1.
4. Skip Step 3. We are not configuring IPv6
5. In step 4, select the radio button “Isolated Virtual network”.
6. Finish the virtual network creation by click on “Finish”.
7. To verify our virtual network let us use the newly created virtual network. You will need two virtual machines to test the Virtual Network. I am using “Server 1” and “Node 1”, my virtual machines to test this.
a. Select the virtual machine for which you want to use this newly created Virtual Network and select “View Details” from View menu of VMM. This will open the following dialog box.
b. Click on “Add Hardware” given at the bottom left and select Network.
c. From the “Network Source” Select the newly created virtual network “ISOLATED10” and appropriate device model applicable.
d. Repeat the same set of steps for your second virtual machine.
e. Start the Virtual machines if not already running and open terminal on both machines.
f. If you are using GUI, enable the Network interface as shown below.

g. Use ifconfig or appropriate command to check the ip address assigned by the DHCP server to both machines.

h. Use ping to check the connectivity.

Sequence 3. Creating a Routed Virtual Network
Objective: To create a Virtual Network to be used by guest machines to connect to the outside world through the host. The guests connected through a Routed network are visible to the outside world. This generally makes it easy to access virtual machine from outside world.
1. Open the Host Properties dialogue box
a. Right click on the host/QEMU and click on “Properties” context menu icon. This will open a new dialog, where host level details can be managed.
b. When it first opens, you will be on the “Overview” tab.
c. Virtual Networks tab: Click on the “Virtual Networks” tab as discussed in Sequence 1:
d. Start the New Virtual Network assistant: In the bottom left corner of the dialog, there is a button with a plus sign “+” on it. Click on it to start the “New Virtual Network” assistant.
2. It will start “New Virtual Network”. Enter a name for your virtual network. For Example we are going to use this network for Routing of series 192, so let us keep the name as ROUT192 to make it easy to recognize.

3. Decide the IP address range:
a. Select the “Enable IPV4 network address space definition and enter the IP Address “192.168.2.0/24”. It’s a good idea to use one of the IPv4 private addresses ranges:
b. Enable DHCP: Select the check box at the bottom and it will automatically fill the DHCP IP address range. This DHCP server and address range are only visible to all guests using this virtual network. If required specify your own IP Address range. The key points for the IP address are :
• 192.168.2.1 = gateway
• 192.168.2.2 – 127 = static assignment (untouched by DHCP)
• 192.168.2.128 – 254 = DHCP server assigned
• 192.168.2.255 = broadcast address


4. Skip Step 3. We are not configuring IPv6.
5. Decide the type of virtual network.
a. In step 4, select the radio button “Forwarding to Physical network” and select the Physical Device from the drop down which is connected to the outside world on your host system. In my case I am using wireless LAN hence I selected wlp3s0.
b. As stated earlier we are creating this for Route. Therefore, select Routed from the drop down list for Mode.


6. Finish the virtual network creation by click on “Finish”.
7. You can verify the virtual network same way as you have tested NAT and ISOLATED.
Sequence 4. Cleanup
1. Stop the Virtual Network Created
2. Delete the Virtual Network Created
3. Repeat the Steps 1 and 2 for each of the Virtual Network Created.

January 31, 2021

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